Nestled right on the boundary of Caulfield and Caulfield East and approximately 8 kilometers from the Melbourne CBD, the Caulfield Racecourse is one of Australia's most popular tracks. Some of the track's features include a 2,080m circumference, a home straight of 367 meters, excellent drainage and superb track facilities which were achieved after the extensive renovations done between 1995 and 1996, and the successful upgrades completed in 2001. All these outstanding attributes can be appreciated entirely from the equally grand Rupert Clarke stand.
A dominant characteristic of Caulfield which makes it apparently ideal for competitive racing is its sharp corners which decrease the probability of a win from behind, especially when the leading horse is already shooting for the win on its relatively short home straight. Some of the greatly heralded races held in Caulfield are the annual Caulfield Guineas Day, Thousand Guineas Day and the Caulfield Cup Day held in October. Among the numerous races administered by the Melbourne Racing Club and held mostly in Caulfield, perhaps the most famous is the Caulfield Cup which continues to attract both local and international racing aficionados.
The first recorded race held in Caulfield was in 1876. The locales fondly call it "The Heath" because back then, jockeys would ride even through the unkind bushes, challenging heath and tricky sand hills. During the early years, racing in Caulfield was managed by the Victoria Amateur Turf Club (VATC) before it came to be known in 2001 as the Melbourne Racing Club which continues to administer races up to the present.
The widely-known Melbourne Racing Club, previously called VATC, conducted its first meeting in Ballarat's Dowling Forest Racecourse before settling in Melbourne and declaring Caulfield as their permanent home and premier racetrack. They organize about 60 races annually, most of which are held in Caulfield and a handful in Sandown Park which it also oversees to this day.